It stretches across an area of about 4,540 Km² with a coastline, which spans 220 Km² from Kokrobite in the west to Ada in the east. The region shares boundaries with the Central region to the west, Eastern region to the north and Volta region to the east.
Although the smallest administrative of the ten regions of Ghana , it is the most densely populated due to its industrial and commercial importance. It has its capital town being Accra as well as the capital city of Ghana .
Accra became the capital city in 1877 in the Gold Coast colony after the capital was moved from Cape coast in the Central region. The first European traders discovered Accra ‘s strategic position and from its modest beginning as a fishing and trading community, it grew quickly to become one of the oldest places of European contact in this part of the world.
Due to its central geographic position in West Africa , Accra is the gateway to Ghana . It has all the elements that make a city cosmopolitan, containing the two great metropolitan areas of Accra and Tema, the country’s major industrial and commercial centres. Accra has all the elements that make a city cosmopolitan, doubles as the seat of government and contains public buildings reflecting a transition from a 19 th century suburb of Victoriasborg to the modern day metropolis.
The region is divided into 5 administrative districts namely:
Accra Metropolitan Area Capital:Accra
Tema Municipal Area Capital: Tema
Ga District Capital: Amasaman
Dangme West District Capital :Dodowa
Dangme East District Capital: Ada Foah
The natives of the region are Ga – Adangme made up of Gas, Shai, Krobo, and Ada .
It is the most industrialized region in Ghana and has the highest concentration of commercial and industrial activities. It has the best-developed economic and social infrastructures in the country consisting of road networks, railways, telecommunications, health facilities and educational institutions. Some of the major industrial establishments are:
Ghana Textiles Printing Company
Cocoa Processing Company
Tema Oil Refinery
Ghacem Cement Factory
Valco (Volta Aluminum Company)
And other multinational corporations such as Nestle, L’Air Liquide, Unilever, etc.
A salt winning industry at Ada , Prampram, and fishing in the coastal communities of Ada and Tema. Farming is also done but not on a large scale due to urbanization. Some crops cultivated are cassava, maize, vegetables, groundnuts, shallots, etc.
Mainly coastal savannah grassland with remnants of forest vegetation at Achimota and Dodowa and mangrove and swampy vegetation along the coastal lagoons.
TOURIST ATTRACTION SITES IN THE REGION:
The city can be enjoyed in several ways. This can be done through the lenses of history, culture, nature and events.
Independence Square the venue for many national celebrations, dominated by the independence arch and the memorial to Unknown soldiers.
National Museum houses a fascinating collection of Ghana ‘s historical treasures.
Du Bois Centre for Pan Africanism was established to serve as a Pan-African Research Centre and library for scholars and students of Pan-Africanism.
Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park : The final resting place of the first President of Ghana after he was buried thrice at three different places.
George Padmore Research Library of African Research is a famous centre for African-American studies.
Centre for National Culture an ideal place for lovers of arts and crafts offers a wide variety of handicrafts.
Osu Castle , formally known as Christianborg castle, was built in 1659, it has been the seat of government since the early 1920s.
Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) is aregional centre of excellence where educational training and research into peace operations are being delivered at the highest academic and professional standards.
Shai Resource Reserve covers an area of about 5,180 hectares. It is part of Ghana ‘s commitment to preserve its natural heritage and wildlife. It stocks interesting fauna flora species.
Songhor Lagoon located west of Ada is home to different bird species. It provides unending pleasure for bird watchers
THE GREAT BAOBAB TREE holds evidence of the last bullets from Shai warriors and their allies fired to declare the end of the Katamanso war on 26 th August 1826 . The big tree displays the “bumps” or “wounds” caused by the bullets till this day.
LA BEACH The sprawling beach in front of the Labadi Beach Hotel is the most popular swimming beach in the country. It is easily accessible by taxi or bus.
FORTS & CASTLES:
Usher Fort: The Dutch built it as a lodge in 1650. It was shattered by Earth quake in 1862. Formally used by Ghana Prisons now accommodates Ghana museums & monuments staff.
Homowo: literally means hooting at hunger. It is a colourful festival celebrated by the people of Ga ( Accra ) Traditional Area in August/ September and characterised by rituals such as the sprinkling of Kpokpoi (festival dish) to the gods and ancestors for spiritual protection, procession of twins dancing through the principal streets, traditional drumming and dancing and general merry making.
Asafotufiam is an annual festival celebrated by the people of Ada . It is to commemorate the victories of their warriors in the battle and those who fell on the battlefield. The historic event is re- enacted. There are also purification ceremonies, a durbar of chiefs and firing of musketry.
Nyamayem is celebrated in October as an annual traditional and thanksgiving festival of the Shai and the Krobo in the towns of Odumase and Somanya.
Kpledjoo is celebrated in March and April as an annual thanksgiving festival to facilitate the recovery of the Sakumo Lagoon for bumper harvest. Preceding the festival is a five- month temporary ban on fishing and trapping of crabs in the lagoon. The day of celebration of the festival, the priest/ priestess of the Sakumo lagoon before the general public is permitted into it.