With an area of about 9,881 km². It is located between the Western region to the West and Greater Accra Region to the East as well the Ashanti and Eastern regions to the north. The Central region was the first to come into contact with the first European who arrived on the shores. The coastline of the region is famous for its ancient forts and castles built by early European traders.
The Central Region with Cape Coast as its capital was the seat of British colonial administration until 1877 when it was transferred to Accra . Colonialism begun here with the creation of the first missionary schools for formal education. Hence, it is the most English of Ghana’s 10 regional capitals. Today, the Central region is known to be the educational backbone of the country since most of the very good schools in Ghana are located in Cape coast.
The central region is predominated by Fantis who are also a big part of the Akan group. There are other groups like the Ewutu Efutu, the Denkyiras, Wassaw, Denkyira and Twifo all a part of the Akan group.
The coastal people are mainly into fishing whiles those in the hinterland are mainly into farming and they cultivate a sizeable citrus plantations, cocoa, pineapples, etc. There is an also small deposit of gold and bauxite in the north of the region.
TOURIST ATTRACTION SITES IN THE REGION:
Cape Coast Castle Museum: It was first built as Fort Carolusburg in 1655 and has been identified by the UNESCO World Heritage Foundation as a World Heritage Monument .
Elmina Castle: It was the first European building in Ghana (then Gold coast) built from materials imported from Portugal . It was used in 1482 as the Portuguese head quarters. UNESCO World Heritage Foundation has also identified it as world heritage monument. It gives rich information and represents an understanding and appreciation of the early age of European exploitation and interaction between Europeans and Africans.
Fort Amsterdam: Located at Abandzi, was built by Dutch in 1598, later rebuilt by English in 1631. It was enlarged and renamed in 1665.
Fort Patience: Located at Apam, built by Dutch in 1697
Ft Good Hope Located at Senya Bereku
Ft. Saint Jago Located at Elmina, built by the Portuguese in 1555, attacked by the Dutch in 1637, turned into a Chapel in 1680, sold to English IN 1872.
Kakum National Parks
A 357km2 national park comprising undisturbed virgin rainforest. Excellent walking tours (and a canopy walkway) through the forest provide the opportunity to see much of Ghana ‘s indigenous plant life, as well as rare butterflies, birds and game.
Traditional Fishing Villages
Along the coast of the Central Region are a succession of busy fishing villages and traditional market towns that reflect the distinct cultures of the district. Visitors to all the districts will be welcomed with traditional Ghanaian hospitality. Of particular interest are:
Winneba – famous for fishing fleets, Masquerade festival and local ceramics
Mankessim – well known for its Posuban shrine and busy market
Kromantse/Abandze – twin fishing villages, one of the important trading centres to which the late Louis Armstrong, the great jazz player, traced his ancestry.
The villages of the Central Region are famed for their traditional handicrafts that are generations old.
Winneba – famous for its beautiful and unusual ceramics
Gomoa-Ostew-Jukwa – a village of pottery makers
Brenu Beach – 15 minutes from Elmina
Winneba – with the Sir Charles Beach Resort
Elmina – close to the historic castles
Gomoa Fetteh – popular for picnics
If you are seeking to discover the historical links between Africa and the Americas and Europe, or just want to explore a culture that has its roots in another era, or just want to relax on a sun-dappled beach, then the Central Region must not be missed.