Akwantu Kese is celebrated by the people of Suma in the Jaman North of the Brong Ahafo Region in Ghana.
It was instituted among other things to commemorate the historical journey of the ancestors of Suma and Gyaman from the Akwamu in the Eastern Region to their present location.
The Gyaman states in the Gyaman North south Districts are: Drobo, Dwenem, Japekrom, Sampa, Seketia and Suma.
According to oral tradition, ancestors of the Gyaman people left their original home in Akwamu near river Volta due to family dissension. They then settled at their present location after sojourning in different places including Suntreso and Nsoatre in the Ashanti and Brong-Ahafo Regions respectively.
Until 1896 when the border demarcation between the British and the French colonialists separated the Gyaman state into British and French Gyaman, the entire Gyaman kingdom was headed by the Gyamanhene also known as the Bonohene who now resides in the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire.
Despite the border demarcation, the Gyaman people in Ghana and those in Cote d’Ivoire have maintained their cultural links up to the present day. Although he resides in the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire, the Gyamanhene is the facto leader of the Gyaman people .
During important state functions in Ghana such as celebration of the creation of the Brong Ahafo Region and major festivals, the Gyamanhene, whose official title in Cote d’Ivoire is Bonohene, is invited. He also plays important roles in settling of disputes among the Gyaman states in Ghana.